WMO is the specialised agency of the United Nations for meteorology (weather and climate), operational hydrology and related geophysical sciences, with over 191 Member States and Territories.
WMO is the specialised agency of the United Nations for meteorology (weather and climate), operational hydrology and related geophysical sciences, with 191 Member States and Territories. It provides a global scale framework for international cooperation for the development of meteorology, including satellite meteorology, as well as for the attainment of the benefits deriving from its applications.
EUMETSAT is contributing to and fulfils several of WMO’s objectives and activities. Cooperation with WMO dates back to the origins of EUMETSAT -WMO is explicitly mentioned in the EUMETSAT Convention. In the pursuit of its primary objective of establishing, maintaining and exploiting European systems of operational meteorological satellites, EUMETSAT takes into account as far as possible the recommendations made by WMO. EUMETSAT contributes with its activities to a number of WMO programmes, its regional associations (Europe and Africa in particular), its Commission for Basic Systems, the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS), as well as some of the WMO co-sponsored programmes related to oceanography (such as GCOS, WCRP, GOOS/GTOS and JCOMM). Furthermore, EUMETSAT is granted observer status in the WMO Executive Council and Congress meetings, and participates in a vast range of WMO Expert and Task Teams.
WMO Space Programme
The objective of the WMO Space Programme Space Programme is to promote the availability and utilisation of satellite data and products for weather, climate, water and related applications to WMO Members. It coordinates environmental satellite matters and activities throughout all WMO Programmes and gives guidance on the potential of remote-sensing techniques in meteorology, hydrology and related disciplines. The space programme has four main components: The space based Observing System, access to Satellite data and products, awareness and training, and space weather coordination.
EUMETSAT is involved in the WMO Space Programme through a number of initiatives, for example:
- EUMETSAT satellites are a component of the space segment of the WMO Integrated Global Observing System (WIGOS) of the WMO World Weather Watch, and EUMETSAT is involved in corresponding training and data access activities to facilitate the use of and access to satellite data.
- EUMETSAT takes into account the WMO requirements reflecting the needs of Regional Association I (Africa). In addition, EUMETSAT is supporting RA-VI (Europe) countries which do not belong to the EUMETSAT Member and cooperating states.
- EUMETSAT contributes to the Global Climate Observation System (GCOS) which is a programme co-sponsored by WMO.
- EUMETSAT participates in several Expert and Task Teams within WMO.
Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS)
EUMETSAT is supporting WMO with the development and implementation of the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS). GFCS provides a worldwide mechanism for coordinated actions to enhance the quality, quantity and application of climate services. The main objective of the GFCS is to ‘enable better management of the risks of climate variability and change and adaptation to climate change, through the development and incorporation of science-based climate information and prediction into planning, policy and practice on the global, regional and national scale’.