Climate Service

EUMETSAT generates Climate Data Records for NWP model-based reanalysis, climate system analysis and climate modelling applications.

Climate activities of the Secretariat

The activities involve the generation of high-quality Fundamental Climate Data Records (FCDR), by recalibration and inter-satellite calibration of historic and current EUMETSAT sensor raw data records. For example, the Meteosat time series already covers more than 30 years and nine different satellites.

Differences between instruments need careful consideration to mitigate unwanted, spurious anomalies in the time series, caused by instrument and spacecraft behaviour in space.

The secretariat also produces a limited number of Thematic Climate Data Records (TCDR). Climate products

The secretariat activities are governed by the Climate Service Development Plan, that also provides a comprehensive list of the planned releases of climate data records until 2018. Many of the climate data records are produced as part of European and international collaboration projects, including ERA-CLIM2, QA4ECV and SCOPE-CM.

Climate Data Records are also generated by the EUMETSAT Satellite Application Facility network, in particular the Climate Monitoring SAF led by Deutscher Wetterdienst

Climate Service Development Plan
Project activity Major deliverable CDR Type
IASI Level 1c from Metop-A/B Release (R)1 of best calibrated IASI L1c including PC Scores FCDR
Radio Occultation from GRAS, COSMIC, CHAMP and GRACE R1 and R2 of homogeneously produced bending angle FCDR
ASCAT from Metop-A and B R3 of ASCAT L1b data record with updated calibration FCDR
AMSU-B, MHS and SSM/T2 R1 of homogeneously produced L1 data records FCDR
HIRS channels 8 (IR) and 12 (WV) R1 of inter-calibrated HIRS channels FCDR
GOME-2 Metop A/B R3 of Metop-A/B GOME-2 L1b records with updated instrument key data FCDR
Meteosat First Generation Image Reprocessing R1 of Meteosat First Generation L1.5 with identified/corrected image anomalies and improved correction of geometric and radiometric distortion FCDR
Meteosat First and Second Generation R1 of inter-calibrated complete Meteosat IR, WV and VIS data records FCDR
AVHRR Polar AMV R1 of polar AMV (NOAA-7-19, Metop A/B) TCDR
Total Ozone  from Metop A/B R1 of total ozone data record from combined GOME-1, IASI and AVHRR TCDR
IASI Trace Gas, Temperature and Humidity R1 of trace gas, temperature and humidity profiles from IASI TCDR
AMV, CSR and ASR  from Meteosat R2 of Meteosat First and Second Generation AMV, CSR and ASR based on WP290 TCDR
Surface albedo  from Meteosat R2 and R3 of Meteosat First and Second Generation surface albedo TCDR
Optimal Cloud Analysis (OCA) R1 of OCA for Meteosat Second Generation TCDR

Cooperative climate projects

ERA-CLIM2 (2014–2016)

The project, led by ECMWF, aims to produce global coupled reanalyses that involve consistent descriptions of the global atmosphere, ocean, land-surface, cryosphere and carbon cycle. A particular reanalysis for the last 50 years makes massive use of satellite data provided by EUMETSAT, starting in the 1970s. This reanalysis is planned to be continued in close-to-real time to enable an important part of the Copernicus Climate Change Service.

QA4ECV (2014–2017)

Satellite data users need to be able to make rapid judgments on the validity and trustworthiness of Earth Observation data and the derived climate data sets. The QA4ECV (Quality Assurance for Essential Climate Variable) project, led by KNMI, develops a Quality Assurance (QA) system for observational data products. EUMETSAT establishes a traceable uncertainty characterisation for the surface albedo derived from Meteosat satellites, which forms an input for a global surface albedo product from a combination of several instruments in geostationary and polar orbit.

Surface Albedo Validation (ALBEDOVAL) Report (PDF, 18 MB)
Second Surface Albedo Validation (ALBEDOVAL2) Report (PDF, 5 MB)

One of the main outcomes of the ALBEDOVAL2 study was the collection of a set of validation points, correlated with various ancillary data, to fully characterise the sites for land product validation and in particular for Albedo.

This information is available on our Surface Albedo Validation Sites (SAVS) website.

CORE-CLIMAX (2013–2015)

The CORE-CLIMAX project performed coordination around the establishment of the Copernicus Climate Change Service, in the context of global reanalysis such as provided by ERA-CLIM2. EUMETSAT with its partners performed a European-wide assessment of the maturity of Climate Data Records (CDR) production capacity. 35 climate data records have been assessed, including those from the SAF network and the ESA Climate Change Initiative (CCI). 

CORE-CLIMAX System Maturity Matrix (ZIP, 84 KB)
CORE-CLIMAX System Maturity Matrix Instruction Manual (PDF, 425 KB)
CORE-CLIMAX European ECV CDR Capacity Assessment Report Deliverable D2.25 (PDF, 7 MB)



SCOPE-CM (Sustained and COordinated Processing of Environmental satellite data for Climate Monitoring) is a network of agencies and operators of environmental satellite systems, and interfaces with WMO, WCRP, GCOS, CGMS, CEOS and GEO. It offers its support to coordinate and facilitate international activities to generate CDR from multi-agency satellite data.

Within SCOPE-CM, the contributing organisations coordinate their scientific and technical development activities, and cooperate on the basis of shared and distributed responsibilities for the generation of global products.

The SCOPE-CM network was established in November 2008. The participating organisations include the operators of operational satellites: EUMETSAT, China Meteorological Administration, Japanese Meteorological Agency, and NOAA.

Further details on SCOPE-CM


Dedicated SCOPE-CM projects are conducted by international consortia and aim to bring specific CDR capabilities to a sustainable level. The main focus is on Climate Data Records (CDR) capabilities that explicitly benefit from multi-national and inter-organisational coordination and cooperation among the participating organisations and agencies.


SCM-01: Sustained generations of upper tropospheric humidity Climate Data Records from multiple sensors with multi-agency cooperation.
SCM-02: Multiplatform surface albedo demonstrator from polar-orbiting satellites.
SCM-03: Land surface albedo from geostationary satellites (LAGS).
SCM-04: Utility of Satellite derived winds for Monsoon and Cyclone studies over Indian region.
SCM-05: Advancing the status of the AVHRR FCDR.
SCM-06: Inter-calibration of passive imager observations from time-series of geo stationary satellites (IOGEO).
SCM-07: Liquid Water Path and Rain Water Path Climatologies in the GPM era.
SCM-08: Radio occultation based gridded climate data sets (RO-CLIM).
SCM-09: Sustained production of the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) cloud products.
SCM-10: Atmospheric Motion Vectors and Clear/All Sky Radiances from historical meteorological satellites in geostationary and polar orbit.

EUMETSAT involvement

We host the secretariat and lead the projects on the inter-satellite calibration of historical geostationary sensor data and the generation of a quasi-global surface albedo product from geostationary data. In addition, the secretariat participates in the activities on the reprocessing of AMVs from geostationary satellites, led by JMA; the production of radio-occulation data-based climate data records, led by the ROM SAF, and in the operational production of the GEWEX ISCCP data set, led by NOAA NCDC.