Satellites

EUMETSAT has been running a fleet of meteorological satellites, providing weather and climate data, for more than 25 years.

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Current operational systems:

  • two generations of Meteosat satellites, in geostationary orbit 36,000 km above the equator — Meteosat-7 (Meteosat First Generation), and Meteosat-8, -9 and -10 (Meteosat Second Generation);
  • Metop satellites, in a lower polar orbit, at an altitude of 817 kilometres — Metop-A and Metop-B;
  • marine observer satellite, Jason-2 — a joint project between European and US agencies.

Future generations are Meteosat Third Generation and EPS-SG, planned to become operational in the early 2020s, and Sentinel-3 and Jason-3, scheduled for launch in 2015.