EUMETSAT has been running a fleet of meteorological satellites, providing weather and climate data, for more than 25 years.
Current operational systems:
- two generations of Meteosat satellites, in geostationary orbit 36,000 km above the equator — Meteosat-7 (Meteosat First Generation), and Meteosat-8, -9 and -10 (Meteosat Second Generation);
- Metop satellites, in a lower polar orbit, at an altitude of 817 kilometres — Metop-A and Metop-B;
- marine observer satellite, Jason-2 — a joint project between European and US agencies.
Future generations are Meteosat Third Generation and EPS-SG, planned to become operational in the early 2020s, and Sentinel-3 and Jason-3, scheduled for launch in 2014 and 2015 respectively.
EUMETSAT's current satellite programmes from 1998 to present day.
Our future satellite programmes aim to continue the global satellite observational coverage for decades to come.
Meteosat First Generation (MFG) geostationary satellites have provided images of the full Earth disc, and data for weather forecasts for 25 years.
The ground segment constitutes the ground-based infrastructure necessary to support the operation of the satellites, including the acquisition, reception, processing and delivery of data.
Launches and Orbits
We currently have operational weather satellites in two different orbits — geostationary orbit and Low Earth Orbit (LEO).