African cyclone transports dust across the Mediterranean Sea to Turkey

Cyclone transports dust across Mediterranean Sea to Turkey

27 February 2014 00:00 UTC to 2 March 20:00 UTC

African cyclone transports dust across the Mediterranean Sea to Turkey
African cyclone transports dust across the Mediterranean Sea to Turkey

Ten days after a dust cloud from Tunisia brought coloured snow and rain to parts of Europe a deep trough over northern Africa triggered a major dust outbreak that swept across Libya, Egypt, the Mediterranean Sea and Turkey in February 2014.

Last Updated

13 April 2021

Published on

26 February 2014

The case is very typical for the beginning of March, the peak month for large-scale dust outbreaks over northern Africa. See also these cases from March 2004 and 2007:

Dust storm over West Africa and the Canary Islands
Sahara dust outbreak across the Atlantic
Large dust fan over Northwest Africa

As can be seen in the animation, the RGB colour of the dust varies throughout the day, from dark magenta/blue (night) to bright magenta (midday).

This is typical for thin dust clouds at low elevations (1–2 km) over desert surfaces, when the temperature contrast between the dust cloud and the underlying surface changes a lot from day to night.

Thin dust clouds at high elevations do not show such a strong colour variation, but appear with a more stable reddish colour.

The dust caused airports in Tel Aviv and Haifa in Israel to close and in Cyprus it was reported that dust levels were up to five times the normal levels.

Download Dust RGB product with geopotential height of the pressure level 300 hPa, 28 February 2014, 12:00 UTC (Credit: EUMeTrain)
Download animation

Meteosat-10 Images

Met-10, 28 February 2014, 12:00 UTC
Figure 1: Met-10 Dust RGB, 28 February 2014, 12:00 UTC.
Full Resolution
 
Met-10, 01 March 2014, 00:00 UTC
Figure 2: Met-10 Dust RGB, 01 March 2014, 00:00 UTC.
Full Resolution
Met-10, 01 March 2014, 12:00 UTC
Figure 3: Met-10 Dust RGB, 01 March 2014, 12:00 UTC.
Full Resolution
 
Met-10, 02 March 2014, 00:00 UTC
Figure 4: Met-10 Dust RGB, 02 March 2014, 00:00 UTC.
Full Resolution
 

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