EARS-AVHRR Geographical Coverage Map



Aiding operational meteorology, ocean and land analysis

EARS-AVHRR Geographical Coverage Map
EARS-AVHRR Geographical Coverage Map

EARS-AVHRR collects data from the primary morning and afternoon orbits of Metop and NOAA satellites via a network of AHRPT/HRPT stations. It re-transmits them via EUMETCast.

Last Updated

31 May 2022

Published on

28 April 2020

AVHRR is an across track scanner that senses the Earth’s outgoing radiation from horizon to horizon in six channels (three solar channels in the visible-near infrared region and three thermal infrared channels), with a spatial resolution of 1km at nadir.

AVHRR has applications within:

  • Operational meteorology — measuring cloud properties (height, temperature, phase);
  • Land analysis — supplying data for calculating vegetation indices, soil moisture, snow cover, and land surface temperature (skin);
  • Ocean analysis — supplying data for deriving sea surface temperature and sea ice concentration, and aerosols and fire detection.

AVHRR supports the IASI mission with sounding geolocation; cloud characterisation within the IASI FOV, and support to scene inhomogeneity quantification for the correction of the IASI spectral response.

AVHRR instrument

EARS-AVHRR service specification

Satellites supported

N19, Metop-B and Metop-C, as shown on the tables on the Regional Data Service/EARS webpage.

Product processing


Product segmentation

Segments each containing one minute of observations. Duplicate segments removed before dissemination.

Products via EUMETCast Europe

  • For NOAA KLM and NN’: HRPT data, expanded to 16 bits, big endian, bzip2 compressed.
  • For Metop: EPS level 0, bzip2 compressed.

Timeliness via EUMETCast

30 minutes.

Products via RMDCN/GTS


Archived in EUMETSAT

Only NOAA AVHRR data.

Further information

For more information on EARS-AVHRR see TD 14 - EUMETSAT Advanced Retransmission Service Technical Description

Full details on products can be found in the Product Navigator:
AVHRR Regional Data Service – Multimission