Ice Cloud Imager
Supporting climate monitoring
The Ice Cloud Imager (ICI) instrument is a conically scanning millimetre/sub-millimetre wave radiometer providing information on ice clouds.
20 June 2022
19 May 2020
ICI will measure ice clouds, especially cirrus clouds, cloud ice water path, cloud ice effective radius and cloud altitude. It will also provide vertical humidity profile and vertical profiles of hydrometeors (cloud ice, graupel and snow), as well as water vapour.
The primary objective of the Ice Cloud Imaging (ICI) mission is to support climate monitoring and the validation of the presentation of ice clouds in weather and climate models through the provision of ice cloud products, including bulk microphysical variables.
Further objectives include the measurement snowfall distributions in support of numerical weather prediction (NWP) and nowcasting.
ICI data will enhance the ability of NWP centres to initialise global and regional models with information on clouds. Although their treatment in NWP is important for accurate weather forecasts, clouds are currently not well represented in models.
The ICI frequency coverage is from 183GHz up to 664GHz, with two window channels (243GHz and 664GHz) measured at both *V and **H polarisation*. The table shows the spectral characteristics of ICI channels. The 183GHz channel selection overlaps with the one of MWI, allowing a cross-calibration between the instruments.
|Channel||Frequency||Bandwidth||***NEΔT (K)||Bias (K)||Polarisation||Footprint Size at 3dB|
*V — Vertical Polarisation
**H — Horizontal Polarisation
***NEΔT — Noise Equivalent Temperature change
The ICI collects radiation coming from the Earth by means of a rotating antenna, composed by an offset parabolic reflector and a feed-horns cluster rotating together. The rotation of the slanted antenna allows the conical scan to be performed. The ICI shall provide measurements over a conical scan with an observation zenith angle of 53° ±2°. The basic scan geometry is depicted in the figure. ICI scans in a clockwise rotation when viewed from the nadir side of the platform, where it is located.
The observations are acquired within an angle of ±65° in azimuth for the fore view, equivalent to a swath of about 1700km at nominal orbit altitude of 817km.
Other EPS-SG instruments
Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer - New Generation (IASI-NG) is a passive infrared sounder.
The EPS-SG Multi-Viewing Multi-Channel Multi-Polarisation Imaging (3MI) instrument is a passive optical radiometer.
The Scatterometer (SCA) is a real aperture, side-looking radar, emitting microwave radiation towards the Earth's surface.
Optimal interpolation scheme for MWI and ICI
Optimal interpolation of Level 1 observations of EPS-SG MWI and ICI for Level 2 processing.
Scattering properties of frozen hydrometeors at MW & sub-mm wavelengths
How to extend the currently existing single scattering properties databases for frozen hydrometeors.
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