Flames. Credit: Leo Lintang

Fires over Guinea, West Africa

27 April 2004 00:00 UTC

Flames. Credit: Leo Lintang
Flames. Credit: Leo Lintang

In the last ten days of April 2004, at the end of the dry season, MSG observed an increase of fire activity over West Africa.

Last Updated

24 May 2022

Published on

27 April 2004

The fires can be observed very well in channel 04 (IR3.9) of MSG SEVIRI, but also in the brightness temperature difference between channel 04 and channel 09 and in RGB composites that make use of channel 04. The fires do not need to cover a full pixel of MSG SEVIRI to be seen, but can already be observed if they cover only a few percent of a pixel.

For instance, in Africa, a hot fire (ca. 500K) of about 500 x 500m increases the brightness temperature of channel 04 by about 2 K. MODIS (on Terra and Acqua), with a maximum horizontal resolution of 250m, can detect fires of sizes down to about 50 x 50m.

Figure 1: Meteosat-8 RGB Composite VIS0.8, IR3.9r, IR10.8, 27 April 2004, 14:15 UTC
Figure 1: Meteosat-8 RGB Composite VIS0.8, IR3.9r, IR10.8, 27 April 2004, 14:15 UTC
Figure 2: Meteosat-8 RGB Composite IR3.9r, NIR1.6, VIS0.6, 27 April 2004, 14:15 UTC
Figure 2: Meteosat-8 RGB Composite IR3.9r, NIR1.6, VIS0.6, 27 April 2004, 14:15 UTC
Figure 3: Meteosat-8 Channel 04 (IR3.9), 27 April 2004, 14:20 UTC
Figure 3: Meteosat-8 Channel 04 (IR3.9), 27 April 2004, 14:20 UTC
Figure 4: MODIS RGB Composite (pixel size 1000m), 27 April 2004, 14:20 UTC
Figure 4: MODIS RGB Composite (pixel size 1000m), 27 April 2004, 14:20 UTC. Source: NASA