TC Matthew

Hurricane Matthew

04 October 2016 02:01 UTC

TC Matthew
TC Matthew

Hurricane Matthew as it moved northwards in the Caribbean, striking Haiti in the early hours of the morning of 4 October

Last Updated

16 March 2021

Published on

04 October 2016

By Mark Higgins

EUMETSAT's Metop-B image shows Matthew as a category-5 hurricane, just before the centre of the storm made landfall over Haiti. The enhanced colour image, Figure 1 shows the extent of the coldest cloud tops (red) which indicate the most active areas of the storm.

TC Matthew
Figure 1: AVHRR Infrared Channel of Hurricane Matthew on 4 October 2016, 02:01 UTC.

 

The winds from the ASCAT scatterometer (Figure 2), onboard Metop-B, also clearly show the storm's centre — the region of hurricane force winds (the bright red wind markers around the distinct eye).

As British weatherman Tomasz Schafernaker pointed out on Twitter, the region of hurricane force winds is very small, compared to the size of the actual hurricane – very much confined near to the storm centre, surrounded by a much larger area of storm force winds.

ASCAT comparison

Infrared only compare1
compare2
 

Figure 2: Metop-B AVHRR with/without ASCAT winds, 4 October 2016 02:01 UTC

Figure 3 shows the hurricane after it had passed over Haiti. This is the visible channel from Metop-B, with the ASCAT winds overlaid. Three days later, on 7 October, the hurricane passed between Florida and the Bahamas as can be seen in Figure 4 with the Metop-A IR10.8 channel, in false colours.

 Metop-B Visible Channel with the ASCAT Winds, 4 October 2016, 14:48 UTC 
Figure 3: Metop-B Visible Channel with the ASCAT Winds, 4 October 2016, 14:48 UTC Full resolution
 Metop-A IR10.8 channel, 7 October 2016, 02:22 UTC 
Figure 4: Metop-A IR10.8 channel, 7 October 2016, 02:22 UTC Full resolution
 

Related content

Full resolution Metop-B AVHRR Infrared , 4 October 02:01 UTC
Full resolution Metop-B AVHRR, 4 October 02:01 UTC
Full resolution Metop-B AVHRR overlaid with ASCAT Winds, 4 October 02:01 UTC

Disaster Charter Activation
Composite image of category 4 hurricane Matthew, 4 October 2016, 06:00 UTC (EUMETSAT flickr channel)
Composite image of category 4 hurricane Matthew, 7 October 2016, 12:00 UTC (EUMETSAT flickr channel)
Metop-B image of hurricane Matthew over Haiti, Cuba and Jamaica, 4 October 2016, 15:52 UTC (EUMETSAT flickr channel)
Hurricane Matthew and Typhoon Chaba  (Met Office News Blog)
Hurricane Matthew  (US National Hurricane Center)
Hurricane Matthew: Category Four storm pounds Haiti  (BBC)
Hurricane Matthew  (NASA)