MTG Services 4D weather cube

MTG data

 

Data and products from MTG satellites

MTG Services 4D weather cube
MTG Services 4D weather cube

The current status of data and products to be generated by EUMETSAT Central Facilities, and the products to be generated by the EUMETSAT Satellite Application Facilities (SAF).

Last Updated

16 May 2022

Published on

21 May 2020

Data and products from EUMETSAT Central Facilities

MTG Level 1 data

    FCI LI IRS UVN
Disseminated in near-real time Via EUMETCast Europe (satellite) Compressed using CharLS algorithm:
Full disc scanning service (FDSS, 16 imager channels at normal resolution)
Rapid scanning service (RSS and RSS-HR: 4 imager channels at normal and high resolution)
None Principal component scores None
Disseminated in near-real time Via EUMETCast Terrestrial As above
Full disc scanning service High resolution (FDSS-HR, 4 imager channels at high resolution)
None Principal component scores None
Available from data archive   Everything that is disseminated in near-real time None Full spectral radiances, Principal component scores Daytime Earth radiances and solar irradiances in NIR and UV/VIS bands

MTG Level 2 geophysical products*

FCI LI IRS UVN
  • Atmospheric Motion Vectors (AMV)
  • All Sky Radiance (ASR)
  • Clear/Cloud/Dust/Ashes Flag (CLM)
  • Clear Sky Reflectance Map (CRM)
  • Cloud Analysis (CLA)
  • Fire Detection (FIRA)
  • Global Instability Indices (GII)
  • Optimal Cloud Analysis (OCA)
  • Cloud Drop Effective Radius (it is a subset of OCA)
  • Outgoing Longwave Irradiance at Top of Atmosphere
  • Ozone Total Column (TOZ)
  • Volcanic Ash
  • Accumulated Flash Area
  • Accumulated Flash Radiance
  • Accumulated Flashes
  • Lightning Flashes
  • Lightning Groups
  • State Vector Products (SVP) with:
    • Profiles (temperature, humidity, ozone)
    • Surface parameters
    • Instability indexes
    • Cloud products
    A posteriori error covariance matrices (COV)
  • Aerosol Layer Height
  • Aerosol Absorbing Index
  • Cloud Properties
  • Cloud Mask Support
  • Cloud Imager Support
  • Cloud Analysis Support
  • Formaldehyde (HCHO)
  • Glyoxal (OCHCHO)
  • Gapless Surface Reflectance
  • Surface Reflectance
  • Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2)
  • Tropospheric Ozone (O3)
  • Total Ozone (O3)
  • Sulfur dioxide (SO2)

* Disseminated in near-real time, and available from data archive.

Reference: MTG products distribution baseline [MTGDIS]


Products from EUMETSAT Satellite Application Facilities (SAF)

The SAF products are identified and generated as part of the SAF Continuous Development and Operations Phase 4 (CDOP 4, 2022–2027).

Products based on FCI (provisional list)

SAF
Product Group
Parameter
Type
CM SAF  Clouds

Cloud Phase

Cloud Top Level

Data Record

offline

CM SAF  Radiative fluxes

Surface Radiative Fluxes

Sunshine Duration

Data Record

offline

CM SAF  Radiative fluxes

Top of Atmosphere Fluxes

Data Record

offline

H SAF Snow Snow detection and coverage Near-real-time
H SAF Precipitation

Rainfall Intensity

Precipitation Rate at Ground

Accumulated Precipitation at Ground

Near-Real-Time

Near-Real-Time

Near-Real-Time

LSA SAF Surface properties

Land Surface Temperature

Surface Albedo

Evapotranspiration

IR Emissivity

Heat Fluxes

Near-real-time

Data Record

LSA SAF Vegetation

Fraction of vegetation cover

Fraction of photosynthetically active radiation

Leaf Area Index

Gross Primary Production

 

LSA SAF Wild Fire

Fire Radiative Energy 

Fire Emissions

Fire Radiative Power

Fire Risk Map

Near-real-time

Data Record

LSA SAF & OSI SAF Radiative fluxes Surface downward LW flux
Surface downward SW flux
Near-real-time
Near-real-time
NWC SAF Clouds Cloud Mask
Cloud Microphysics
Cloud Top Temperature and Height
Cloud Type
Software
Software
Software
Software
NWC SAF Aviation Products

Tropopause Folding

Gravity Waves

Icing

Software
NWC SAF Winds High Resolution Winds
Extrapolated satellite imagery
Software
Software
NWC SAF Convection Convection probability
Convection trajectory
Convection warning
Software
Software
Software
NWC SAF Precipitation

Accumulated precipitation
Precipitation Rate
Precipitating Clouds
Convective Rain Fall Rate

Software
Software
Software
Software
NWC SAF Clean Air Temperature and Humidity Physical Retrieval Software
OSI SAF Surface properties

Sea Surface Temperature

Near-real-time

Products based on IRS

SAF
Product Group
Parameter
Type
AC SAF Atmospheric Composition CO Near-real-time
AC SAF Atmospheric Composition NH3 Near-real-time
AC SAF Atmospheric Composition SO2 flag Near-real-time
AC SAF Atmospheric Composition Dust Near-real-time
OSI SAF Surface Radiation Sea Surface Temperature software 
NWC SAF Atmospheric Profiles Temperature, Humidity, Ozone software 
NWC SAF Stability Indices Instability Index software 

Products based on UVN

SAF
Product Group
Parameter
Type
AC SAF Atmospheric Composition HCHO Data Record
AC SAF Atmospheric Composition SO2 Plume height Near-real-time
AC SAF Atmospheric Composition NO2 Near-real-time
AC SAF Atmospheric Composition Water Vapour Offline
AC SAF Surface Radiation Lambertian equivalent reflectivity Offline
AC SAF Surface Radiation UV daily dose and photolysis rate + UV Index Offline

Products based on LI 

SAF
Product Group
Parameter
Type
H SAF Precipitation Rain Fall Intensity Near-real-time
NWC SAF Extrapolated Imagery Extrapolated Imagery software 
NWC SAF Convection Warning Convection Warning software

Other software products

SAF
SW group
Characteristic
NWP RTTOV Radiative transfer package to simulate radiances from FCI and IRS
NWP Radiance Simulator SW Standalone tool to simulate realistic radiances from the FCI and sounder instrument 
NWP Cloud and Aerosol Detection SW Cloud + aerosol detection package to cover MTG/IRS
NWP 1-D Var –NWP 1-D Var software for IRS retrieval and analysis
NWP Satellite data pre-processors - IRSPP Pre-processor software for data from IRS producing reconstructed radiances from input level 1 principal components

Delivery formats

NetCDF-4 is the baseline format for the FCI, LI and IRS instrument level 1 dataset generation and level 2 geophysical products. NetCDF-4 offers a number of advantageous features, including:

  • Ability to cope with large dataset sizes — ~7 Gbytes for full disc archived dataset for MTG compared to the current ~220 Mbytes.
  • Datasets are self describing.
  • Groups allow potential for easier subsetting.

Selected products will also be available in BUFR, GRIB and other formats where required to continue an existing service.


Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents (ATBD) and product guides

Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents (ATBD) describe the algorithm theoretical basis for the derivation of Level 2 MTG products, providing an insight into product retrieval schemes. ATBDs usually contain a short overview over the relevant MTG instrument characteristics, followed by a general approach towards the geophysical parameter of interest, and detailed description of the underlying algorithm of the product — its physical basis, the required input data, and a more detailed description of the product retrieval method. Practical application of the algorithm, with a few results, may also be contained, together with relevant references.

Product guides serve as a non-extensive overview of the particular products. Such guides normally give the utilisation context and a description of the product, product specifications (e.g. inputs, outputs, coverage, limitations), product illustration (e.g. case studies), and associated resources and reference documents that might further assist users.

MTG products guides and ATBD