New 41-year long climate data record of polar Atmospheric Motion Vectors
A new 41-year long climate data record of polar Atmospheric Motion Vectors has now been developed.
04 February 2022
04 February 2022
EUMETSAT has developed an algorithm to retrieve Atmospheric Motion Vectors (AMVs) from the AVHRR instruments (on Metop and NOAA satellites) since 1979. This algorithm, in the single satellite mode, has been used to provide the global reanalysis operated by the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) with a 41-year long consistent homogenous polar AMV data record utilising all available AVHRR instruments since 1979. The data record will be used as an input to the next major global reanalysis of C3S called ERA6.
The AVHRR infrared radiances used to derive the AMVs have been previously re-calibrated and reprocessed to serve as homogeneous input to this climate data record. These radiances are also in use by the Climate Monitoring SAF to generate climate records for cloud properties and surface radiation parameters such as albedo.
By tracking clouds in the infrared window channel of AVHRR from one orbit to the next, the wind speed, direction and altitude can be derived. Due to the nature of low earth orbiting satellites, overlapping areas from a single satellite of two consecutive orbits are only available in the polar regions down to about 45° latitude.
To get access to the data and for more information, contact our User Service Helpdesk.
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