Oil Spill over Arabian Gulf

Oil spill over Arabian Gulf

8 March 2017 06:31 UTC and 10 March 06:34 UTC

Oil Spill over Arabian Gulf
Oil Spill over Arabian Gulf

On 8 March 2017 an oil spill occurred in the Arabian Gulf off the west coast of UAE and reached the Al-Fujairah coast.

Last Updated

13 November 2020

Published on

08 March 2017

By Zamzam AL-Rawahi (Oman DGMAN)

The Sentinel-1 SAR image, 8 March (Figure 1) shows the oil patches over the Gulf, with an estimated spill of about 88,241 gallons of oil.

 Sentinel-1 SAR, 8 March. Credit: ESA/Skytruth
Figure 1: Sentinel-1 SAR, 8 March. Credit: ESA/Skytruth
 
 Meteop-A Natural Colour RGB, 8 March 06:31 UTC
Figure 2: Metop-A Natural Colour RGB, 8 March 06:31 UTC

A comparison with the Natural Colour RGB from Metop-A (Figure 2) of the same day revealed that generally the oil slicks identified by Sentinel match darker patches in the AVHRR.

The spill patches were also detected on the Metop-A AVHRR, based on the variation of reflectivity between oil and water in solar channels.

Similar to a case from April 2010 (Gulf oil spill approaches the Mississippi Delta), the difference between VIS0.6 and NIR1.6 from Metop AVHRR for 8 and 10 March (Figure 3 and 4) enhances the oil spill and shows it as dark-orange coloured patches.

 
 Metop-A, 08 March, 06:31 UTC
Figure 3: Metop-A VIS0.6, 08 March, 06:31 UTC
 
  Metop-A, 10 March, 06:34 UTC
Figure 4: Metop-A NIR1.6, 10 March, 06:34 UTC

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