Rapid Scanning Service
Vital service for nowcasting high impact weather events
The Rapid Scanning Service (RSS) scans the northern third of the Meteosat disc every five minutes.
02 March 2021
29 April 2020
The RSS delivers Rapid Scan High Rate SEVIRI image data, as well as a selection of advanced meteorological products from a position at 9.5 °E.
Normally the SEVIRI instrument onboard the MSG satellites scan the full earth disc every 15 minutes. Rapid scanning scans a third of the earth disc the every five minutes — scanning a smaller area means they can be done more frequently.
As well as the High Rate SEVIRI product, meteorological products are also generated and disseminated to the user community in near real-time. For a comprehensive list, consult the Product Navigator.
RSS scan pattern
The baseline scan region is an area that corresponds approximately to the top third of a nominal repeat cycle. The service generates image data at five-minute intervals — the same as currently used for weather radars. The rapid scan area for the MSG RSS covers a latitude range from approximately 15 ° to 70 °.
RSS data dissemination is identical to normal dissemination. Image segments are based on 464 lines, which are compatible with the full disk level 1.5 data scans.
The scans start 00:00, 00:05, 00:10, 00:15 ... etc. (five-minute scans). For channels 1 to 11, only segments 6 to 8 are disseminated. For the High Resolution Visible Channel only segments 16 to 24 are disseminated. Epilogue and prologue (L1.5 Header and L1.5 Trailer) have the same structure.
Calibration is identical to Full Earth Scan (FES). Image rectification is to 9.5°E. The MSG Level 1.5 Image Product Effective Radiance Definition applied.
Access to SEVIRI near real-time and offline data and products typically involves an initial registration process. For further information, please visit our Data Registration page, or register on the Earth Observation Portal.
Planned service interruptions
The rapid scanning service is periodically interrupted for short periods of time. These temporary outages in the service are used to exercise the SEVIRI instrument mechanics in Full Earth Scan (FES) mode, which is required to keep the mechanism in good repair. See the Rapid Scanning Service schedule page for further details.
Note: interruptions to RSS can be expected if the equipment used to provide the service is needed to support the 0° Service. The User Notification Service has the latest information on planned monthly outages.
TD 14 - EUMETSAT Advanced Retransmission Service Technical Description
A general description of the EARS with more specific information on its services, data and products.
User Guide for EUMETSAT GSICS Corrections for inter-calibration of Meteosat-SEVIRI with Metop-IASI
Document for users of the GSICS corrections software to monitor inter-calibration of Meteosat SEVIRI with Metop-IASI.
Metop Global Data Service
Metop GDS provides near real-time products generated from instrument data.
Regional Data Service/EARS
Regional Data Services, provided by the EUMETSAT Advanced Retransmission Service (EARS) network of AHRPT reception stations.
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Ocean colour services
Providing information on ocean living ecosystems, water quality and sediment dynamics.