tropical Cyclone Hudhud over Bay of Bengal

Tropical Cyclone Hudhud over Bay of Bengal

06 October 2014 00:00 UTC–15 October 10:30 UTC

tropical Cyclone Hudhud over Bay of Bengal
tropical Cyclone Hudhud over Bay of Bengal

Tropical Cyclone Hudhud formed on 8 October and began moving from east to west across the Bay of Bengal in the Northern Indian Ocean.

Last Updated

22 October 2020

Published on

06 October 2014

Tropical Cyclone Hudhud was the strongest tropical cyclone of 2014 within the North Indian Ocean, with 1-minute sustained winds of 215 km/h (130 mph).

On 11 October Hudhud intensified in a very severe cyclone, with a visible eye. It made landfall in Visakhapatnam on 12 October with winds speeds of 180 km/h, gusting to 200 km/h. The cyclone left a trail of destruction across the region and five dead, despite a massive evacuation effort.

Two days later the tail-end of the cyclone triggered blizzards and avalanches on the Annapurna circuit, a popular hiking route in Nepal. At least 39 people died and dozens more were reported missing.

by Mark Higgins, Jochen Kerkmann, Sancha Lancaster (EUMETSAT) and Hans-Peter Roesli (Switzerland)

The Meteosat-7 imagery (Figures 1 and 2) below shows Tropical Cyclone Hudhud over the Bay of Bengal, heading towards India. On the infrared imagery, 10 October 03:00 UTC, the large scale of the cyclone can be seen, with the most intense areas shown in dark red (coldest cloud tops).

The Meteosat-7 IR image with 12.5 km ASCAT winds overlay, 10 October 03:00 UTC, shows the area with hurricane force winds in the centre. On both images a well-defined eye is not visible, however, the ASCAT data shows the tight circulation centre.

The animation of the Meteosat-7 visible imagery, 06 October 00:00 UTC–10 October 08:30 UTC, shows Hudhud's progression from tropical storm to cyclone as it crossed the Bay of Bengal.

Download animation

 Met-7, 10 October 2014, 03:00 UTC
Figure 1: Met-7, 10 October 2014, 03:00 UTC
IR11 µm
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 Met-7, 10 October 2014, 03:00 UTC
Figure 2: Met-7, 10 October 2014, 03:00 UTC
IR image with 12.5 km ASCAT winds
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 Joint Typhoon Warning Center forecast track for TC Hudhud, 10 October.
Figure 3: Joint Typhoon Warning Center forecast track for TC Hudhud, 10 October.

Around the time of the imagery the Joint Typhoon Warning Center reported that the cyclone was "tracking along the southern periphery of the subtropical ridge (STR) to the north.

"The cyclone is expected to remain on a generally west-northwestward trajectory under the steering influence of the STR throughout the forecast period. Favorable upper-level conditions are expected to improve, allowing tc 03b [the cyclone] to steadily intensify peaking at 105 knots prior to landfall near Visakhapatnam by tau 48 [in the following 48 hours]."

 
 Metop-A/B with ASCAT passes composite image of two tropical cyclones
Figure 4: Metop-A/B with ASCAT passes composite image of two tropical cyclones

In Figure 4 both Tropical Cyclone Hudhud and Super Typhoon VongFong can be seen. Both were forecast to make landfall (in India and Japan respectively), over the weekend of 11/12 October.

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The Korean Meteorological Administration's COMS-1 satellite also saw the two cyclones on 11 October.
Download full resolution image , COMS-1, 11 October 05:15 UTC.

 

11/12 October

 Met-7 enhanced IR, 12 October 2014, 06:00 UTC
Figure 5: Met-7 enhanced IR, 12 October 2014, 06:00 UTC
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View the KMZ file on Google Earth
Download 24-hour animation , Met-7, 12 October 00:00 UTC–13 October 00:00 UTC.
 Metop-A, Natural Colour RGB, 12 October 2014, 04:14 UTC
Figure 6: Metop-A, Natural Colour RGB, 12 October 2014, 04:14 UTC
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Full Resolution, zoomed
 

13–15 October

 
 Metop AVHRR image from 14 October 04:17 UTC
Figure 7: Metop AVHRR image from 14 October 04:17 UTC

The Meteosat-7 visible imagery animation, 13 October 01:30 UTC–15 October 10:30 UTC, shows Hudhud as it crossed Nepal. Towards the end of the animation the heavy snowfall over Nepal and Tibet is visible.

Download Met-7 animation , Met-7, 13 October 01:30 UTC–15 October 10:30 UTC.

On Figure 7, the Metop AVHRR image from 14 October 04:17 UTC, thick ice clouds can be seen over Nepal (cyan colour).

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The cyclone season in the North Indian Ocean is unusual, compared to the cyclone seasons in the Pacific and the Atlantic, with the peak activity occurring in May–June and October/November and almost no Tropical Cyclones forming in July to September.


Related Content

Tropical Cyclone warnings (JTWC)
Cyclone Hudhud hits Andhra Pradesh, leaves a trail of destruction (Indian Express)
India Cyclone Leads to Blizzard in Nepal That Leaves at Least 27 Dead (Mashable)
Real time storm coverage (NOAA/CIMSS)