Tropical Cyclone Hudhud formed on 8 October and began moving from east to west across the Bay of Bengal in the Northern Indian Ocean.
06 September 2022
06 October 2014
By Mark Higgins, Jochen Kerkmann, Sancha Lancaster (EUMETSAT) and Hans-Peter Roesli (Switzerland)
Tropical Cyclone Hudhud was the strongest tropical cyclone of 2014 within the North Indian Ocean, with 1-minute sustained winds of 215km/h (130mph).
On 11 October Hudhud intensified in a very severe cyclone, with a visible eye. It made landfall in Visakhapatnam on 12 October with winds speeds of 180km/h, gusting to 200km/h. The cyclone left a trail of destruction across the region and five dead, despite a massive evacuation effort.
Two days later the tail-end of the cyclone triggered blizzards and avalanches on the Annapurna circuit, a popular hiking route in Nepal. At least 39 people died and dozens more were reported missing.
The Meteosat-7 imagery (Figures 1 and 2) below shows Tropical Cyclone Hudhud over the Bay of Bengal, heading towards India. On the infrared imagery, 10 October 03:00 UTC, the large scale of the cyclone can be seen, with the most intense areas shown in dark red (coldest cloud tops).
The Meteosat-7 IR image with 12.5km ASCAT winds overlay, 10 October 03:00 UTC (Figure 2), shows the area with hurricane force winds in the centre. On both images a well-defined eye is not visible, however, the ASCAT data shows the tight circulation centre.
The animation of the Meteosat-7 visible imagery (Figure 3), shows Hudhud's progression from tropical storm to cyclone as it crossed the Bay of Bengal.
Around the time of the imagery the Joint Typhoon Warning Center reported that the cyclone was "tracking along the southern periphery of the subtropical ridge (STR) to the north (Figure 4): "The cyclone is expected to remain on a generally west-northwestward trajectory under the steering influence of the STR throughout the forecast period. Favorable upper-level conditions are expected to improve, allowing tc 03b [the cyclone] to steadily intensify peaking at 105 knots prior to landfall near Visakhapatnam by tau 48 [in the following 48 hours]."
In Figure 5 both Tropical Cyclone Hudhud and Super Typhoon VongFong can be seen. Both were forecast to make landfall (in India and Japan respectively), over the weekend of 11/12 October.
The Korean Meteorological Administration's COMS-1 satellite also saw the two cyclones on 11 October (Figure 6).
The Meteosat-7 visible imagery animation (Figure 10) shows Hudhud as it crossed Nepal. Towards the end of the animation the heavy snowfall over Nepal and Tibet is visible.
On Figure 9, the Metop AVHRR image from 14 October 04:17 UTC, thick ice clouds can be seen over Nepal (cyan colour).
The cyclone season in the North Indian Ocean is unusual, compared to the cyclone seasons in the Pacific and the Atlantic, with the peak activity occurring in May–June and October/November and almost no tropical cyclones forming in July to September.
Tropical Cyclone warnings (JTWC)
Cyclone Hudhud hits Andhra Pradesh, leaves a trail of destruction (Indian Express)
India Cyclone Leads to Blizzard in Nepal That Leaves at Least 27 Dead (Mashable)
Real time storm coverage (NOAA/CIMSS)