According to Wikipedia, Tropical Cyclone Nargis was a strong tropical cyclone that caused the deadliest natural disaster in the recorded history of Burma (officially known as Myanmar).
22 October 2020
02 May 2008
by Jochen Kerkmann (EUMETSAT)
The cyclone made landfall in the country on May 2, 2008, causing catastrophic destruction and at least 90,000 fatalities with a further 56,000 people missing.
Total damage is estimated at over $10 billion (USD), which made it the most damaging cyclone ever recorded in this ocean basin. It was also Burma's worst natural disaster overall, as well as being the deadliest.
Nargis developed on 27 April in the central area of the Bay of Bengal. Initially it tracked slowly northwestward and, encountering favourable conditions, it quickly strengthened (see upper image below). Dry air temporally weakened the cyclone on 29–30 April (see Metop-A AVHRR image below).
But, after beginning a steady eastward motion, Nargis rapidly re-intensified to attain peak winds of at least 215 km/h (source: JTWC), making it a category 4 cyclone on the Saffir-Simpson scale. The cyclone moved ashore in the Ayeyarwady Division of Burma at peak intensity, see bottom image and Met-7 IR Animation (27 Apr 12:00 UTC– 03 May 12:00 UTC), and, after passing near the major city of Yangon (Rangoon), the storm gradually weakened until dissipating near the border of Burma and Thailand.
Met-7 VIS Image — 28/04/08
Met-7, 28 April 2008, 08:30 UTC
VIS Channel & surface observations
Met-7 IR Animation (27 Apr 12:00 UTC–03 May 12:00 UTC)
Met-7 VIS Image 29 April 09:00 UTC (source: NEMOC)
Met-7 VIS Image 30 April 09:00 UTC (source: NEMOC)
Met-7 VIS Image 01 May 09:00 UTC (source: NEMOC)
Met-7 VIS Image 02 May 09:00 UTC (source: NEMOC)
Met-7 VIS Image 03 May 09:00 UTC (source: NEMOC)
Warning issued by JTWC on 30 April (source: JTWC)
Metop-A AMSU / MHS Total Precipitable Water product (daily composite)
(28 April, source: NOAA)
TRMM precipitation rate 28 April (source: NASA)
TRMM precipitation accumulation 27 April–4 May (source: NASA)
Metop-A AVHRR RGB Composite
Metop-A AVHRR, 30 April 2008, 04:10 UTC
RGB Composite VIS0.6, VIS0.8, IR11.0
(original satellite projection)
Metop-A ASCAT Scatterometer Winds
Metop-A, ASCAT scatterometer winds, 1 May 2008, 14:56 UTC
magenta markers denote land presence; yellow dots: quality control flag is set
background image: Met-7 IR channel
Large Area (source: KNMI/OSI SAF)
28 April 16:00 UTC (source: KNMI/OSI SAF)
30 April 04:00 UTC (source: KNMI/OSI SAF)
2 May 14:30 UTC (source: KNMI/OSI SAF)
Met-7 VIS Image — 02/05/08
Met-7, 2 May 2008, 09:00 UTC
Large Area (source: NEMOC)
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