Tropical Cyclone Phailin (Sapphire in Thai) was born over the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal.
18 July 2022
12 October 2013
It caused major damage and deaths when it made landfall in India. The animation (Figure 1 ) shows Phailin on its way towards India, when it reached category-5 strength, before weakening a little bit. It made landfall shortly after the last image was taken.
It has been reported that at least 23 people were killed by the cyclone which hit the states of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha, with winds of around 200km/h (125mph). It was estimated to have caused damage of more than £220m.
A mass evacuation took place as the cyclone headed towards India on 11 October. It had been predicted to reach Super Cyclone strength but weakened slightly before landfall.
The infrared animation in Figure 2 shows lifecyle of the cyclone, from 9-12 October.