The African National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHS) are the main beneficiaries of EUMETSAT activities in Africa
To ensure an adequate technical and policy framework, EUMETSAT has established cooperation with training centres, regional technical centres and African policy institutions.
COOPERATION WITH REGIONAL TECHNICAL CENTRES
EUMETSAT has established close cooperation with African regional technical centres which have the mandate to undertake weather, climate and environmental monitoring in support of socio-economic policies in Africa (including agriculture, desertification, food security and water management). These inlcude:
- the African Centre for Meteorological Applications for Development (ACMAD);
- the Centre Regional de Formation et d’Application en Agrométéorologie et Hydrologie Opérationelle (AGRHYMET);
- the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Climate Prediction and Applications Centre (ICPAC); and others.
COOPERATION FOR TRAINING ACTIVITIES
EUMETSAT cooperates with four WMO Centres of Excellence in Africa on training in satellite meteorology:
- the Direction de la Météorologie Nationale (DMN, Maroc Meteo), in Casablanca, Morocco;
- the Ecole Africaine de la Météorologie et de l’Aviation Civile (EAMAC) of the Agence pour la Sécurité de la Navigation Aérienne en Afrique et à Madagascar (ASECNA), Niamey, Niger;
- the Institute for Meteorological Training and Research (IMTR), Nairobi, Kenya; and
- the South African Weather Service (SAWS) training centre, Pretoria, South Africa.
COOPERATION WITH POLICY INSTITUTIONS
EUMETSAT is in contact with African policy institutions that provide necessary input into projects and initiatives and ensure that they are properly aligned with national, regional and continental policies. These institutions include:
- the African Union Commission (AUC), which is the executive and administrative branch of the African Union;
- the African Regional Economic Communities (IGAD, ECOWAS, IOC, ECCAS, CEMAC, SADC) and the Secretariat of the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP Secretariat);
- the African Climate Policy Centre (ACPC), hosted by the UN-ECA, which is contributing significantly to the ClimDev Africa initiative; and
- the African Development Bank (AfDB), which oversees the implementation of the SAWIDRA projects.
AFRICAN CENTRE FOR METEOROLOGICAL APPLICATIONS FOR DEVELOPMENT (ACMAD)
The African Centre for Meteorological Applications for Development (ACMAD) aims to contribute to the sustainable development of African socio-economic sectors through the use of information related to weather, climate and environment. Cooperation between EUMETSAT and ACMAD started in 1996 and focuses on the use of Meteosat satellite data. Due to its specific reference role at continental level, ACMAD was involved in the PUMA Project, providing technical assistance for the validation of the PUMA receiving stations and participating in the Project Steering Committee.
ACMAD is a partner of EUMETSAT for activities related to climate monitoring in Africa. ACMAD regularly produces meteorological bulletins which are further disseminated through EUMETCast to the whole of Africa.
AGRHYMET REGIONAL CENTRE
The Centre Regional de Formation et d’Application en Agrométéorologie et Hydrologie Opérationelle (AGRHYMET) is a specialised institution of the Permanent Inter-State Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS), with the mission of promoting information and training related to food security, desertification control and management of natural and water resources.
The cooperation between EUMETSAT and AGRHYMET was established in 1996 and fosters the use of Meteosat data for operational and development activities, including rainfall estimates, training, and agro-meteorological and hydrological applications. AGRHYMET was the reference regional centre for Western Africa for the PUMA project and is a Regional Implementation Centre in AMESD, responsible for the theme, “Cropland and Rangeland Management” in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) region.
AGENCE POUR LA SÉCURITÉ DE LA NAVIGATION AÉRIENNE EN AFRIQUE ET À MADAGASCAR (ASECNA)
ASECNA is an international organisation created in 1959 with the mandate of ensuring general air traffic safety for its 18 Member States, managing their air space and providing services for air traffic and aeronautical meteorology.
ASECNA operates the Ecole Africaine de la Météorologie et de l’Aviation Civile (EAMAC) in Niamey, Niger. The close collaboration between EUMETSAT and ASECNA began in 1998 and aims at coordinating training activities on satellite meteorology for Africa, including the use of EUMETSAT data and products for educational purposes at EAMAC. EUMETSAT and EAMAC regularly jointly organise training sessions on satellite meteorology for French-speaking African users.
The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Climate Prediction and Applications Centre (ICPAC) and the Southern African Development Community Climate Service Centre (SADC-CSC) are mandated to provide climate and seasonal forecasting services in their regions. EUMETSAT also cooperated closely with the ECCAS for the creation of the new Regional Climate Centre in Douala, Cameroon.
African Union Commission (AUC)
The African Union Commission (AUC) is the executive and administrative branch of the African Union, which was created in 1999 by the heads of state and government of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), through the Sirte Declaration. The main purpose of the African Union is to accelerate the process of integration in the continent to enable it play its rightful role in the global economy while addressing multifaceted social, economic, environmental and political problems. The Commission is composed of the Chairperson, the Deputy Chairperson and eight Commissioners.
In December 2007, a Joint Africa-EU Strategy was approved during the EU-Africa Summit. Eight areas for strategic partnership have been defined, which include climate and space matters.
The African Union Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture is in charge of the implementation of the AMESD programme, the MESA programme and the 6th Strategic Partnership on Climate. The Commissioner for Human Resources, Science and Technology is responsible for the implementation of the 8th Strategic Partnership on Science, Information Society and Space, which includes the GMES and Africa initiative.
In 2008, EUMETSAT signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the African Union Commission on its support to the AMESD programme.
In 2013, EUMETSAT signed a Memorandum of Understanding for the Cooperation on Earth Observation, and an implementing arrangement for EUMETSAT’s contribution to the MESA programme.