EUMETSAT is involved in projects funded by the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation
Horizon 2020 is the biggest EU research and innovation programme ever with nearly €80 billion of funding available over seven years (2014 to 2020). Coupling research and innovation, Horizon 2020 promises more breakthroughs, discoveries and world firsts by taking great ideas from the lab to the market.
EUMETSAT’s participation in Horizon 2020 projects contributes directly to two components of the EUMETSAT Strategy.
1. Extend the user base for EUMETSAT data, products and services in EUMETSAT Member and Cooperating States and in WMO Members.
2. Be an active partner in European and global initiatives of relevance to space-based weather, climate and environmental monitoring.
From March 2015, EUMETSAT has been participating in two projects, GAIA-CLIM and FIDUCEO.
The Gap Analysis for Integrated Atmospheric Essential Climate Variable Climate Monitoring project is one of the first Horizon 2020 space programmes with a budget of €6 million. The project started in March 2015 and ends in February 2018. EUMETSAT is one of the 17 partners involved in the project under the coordination of the Norwegian Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Centre.
GAIA-CLIM establishes sound methods for the characterisation of satellite-based Earth observation data by surface-based and sub-orbital measurement platforms spanning atmosphere, ocean and land observations and the entire radiance spectrum.
The Fidelity and Uncertainity in Climate Data Records from Earth Observation (FIDUCEO) project is funded under the Leadership in Enabling and Industrial Technologies, Space, theme of the Horizon 2020 framework programme for research and innovation, with a budget of €5.5 million. The four-year project started in March 2015. EUMETSAT is one of 12 partners involved in the project under the coordination of the University of Reading, UK.
FIDUCEO generates nine new datasets - four fundamental climate data records (FCDRs) and five climate data records (CDRs). These datasets will include traceable and defensible uncertainty and stability information as part of the data. The datasets are generated through the use of rigorous metrological standards and practices which are shared as part of FIDUCEO. They give enhanced credibility to the downstream climate data that they generate, in order to support rigorous science, decision-making and climate services.
EUMETSAT objectives in FIDUCEO are the development, generation and evaluation of fundamental climate data records for the Meteosat First Generation Meteosat Visible and Infra-Red Imager (MVIRI) instrument’s visible channel and all HIRS infrared channels. The Meteosat climate data record is evaluated by applying and supporting validation of a new scheme for simultaneous retrieval of aerosol optical thickness and surface albedo. In addition, support is provided to link climate data records from the AVHRR and HIRS instruments to Sentinel data, in particular, the SLSTR instrument. EUMETSAT also supports user requirements gathering, outreach activities and project coordination.
The CHE project was prepared in response to the “Preparation for a European Capacity to Monitor CO2 Anthropogenic Emissions” call of the H2020 Earth observation programme. The project started on 1 Ocotber 2017 and will last 3 years and 3 months. The project is coordinated by the European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), which leads a consortium of 22 beneficiaries.
Scientific questions that the CHE project addresses include the following:
• Can we design a global monitoring system able to capture the patterns of anthropogenic CO2 emissions?
• What is needed for an inversion system to be capable of distinguishing the anthropogenic part of the CO2 budget from the natural fluxes?
• What are the key service elements of an observing and modelling system that can effectively and reliably monitor the human emissions of CO2?
The CHE project will focus on the difficulties of human CO2 emissions monitoring and propose solutions that take practical constraints into account. By addressing these questions, the CHE project also aims to lay the foundation for a European space-borne observation capacity for CO2 by bringing together expertise, existing capacities and innovative ideas from a wide range of European and international players.
CHE provides scientific and technical support to the CO2 monitoring task forces and also takes programmatic guidance from them into account.
EUMETSAT contributes to the project by assessing the current state of the art in data assimilation targeting fossil fuel verification, and identifying the role of space-based products, as well as in probing the elements researched during the project for a future operational system.