Climate Monitoring

The CM SAF generates and archives high-quality climate datasets on a continuous basis.

SAF Official Service Name

Satellite Application Facility on Climate Monitoring (CM SAF)

SAF on Climate Monitoring

SAF Objectives

The CM SAF generates and archives high-quality datasets for specific climate application areas, through the exploitation of satellite measurements with state-of-the-art algorithms, to derive information about the climate variables of the Earth system. CM SAF is also engaged in training customers in the use of CM SAF products.

It aims to provide data that can be further used to assess the current climate, e.g. for infrastructure planning; to assess the climate variability and change, including climate change detection and attribution; to support the development of climate models; by validating long-range and short-term climate forecasts; to assess the impact of changing environment, and to provide evidence for policy actions.

The applications cover the objectives of various international programs — such as Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), World Climate Programme (WCP) and World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) — and are also vital for activities within the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) and Copernicus framework.

SAF Leader and Consortium

Leading Entity
Deutscher Wetterdienst, Germany

SAF Phases

Development Phase: January 1999–December 2003
Initial Operations Phase: January 2004–February 2007
Continuous Development and Operations Phase: March 2007–February 2012
Second Continuous Development and Operations Phase: March 2012–February 2013
Third Continuous Development and Operations Phase: March 2017–February 2022

SAF input satellite data

The following satellite data sources are used to generate CM SAF data products:

  • Metop (AVHRR, ATOVS)
  • DMSP (SSM/I)
  • Nimbus (SMMR)

SAF products

The products provided by the Climate Monitoring SAF are parameters of the energy and water budget. See the Product Navigator for detailed information on the CM SAF products.

The EUMETSAT SAF on Climate Monitoring (CM-SAF) provides a number of products generated from EUMETSAT and partner satellite data. The Total Precipitable Water product, visualised in this animation, illustrates the average daily water vapour content in the atmosphere over the oceans throughout 2005. Importantly, the extended period of satellite observations available allow climatologists to see patterns and trends over a 20-year period.

SAF topology and architecture

The CM SAF maintains two operations centres at DWD and at RMIB, which generate the products in an operational offline mode:

  • Processing Centre at Deutscher Wetterdienst (using resources at ECMWF and DWD);
  • Processing Centre at UK MetOffice;
  • Processing Centre at MeteoSwiss;
  • Processing Centre at EUMETSAT Secretariat on behalf of CM SAF;

SAF user community

Climate Researchers, Climate Modellers, National Weather Services, Infrastructure Planning, Oceanography, Agriculture, Solar Energy.

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