Wildfires in Greenland were observed by Sentinel-3 on 15 July 2019. They re-ignited on 10 August in the same area close to Sisimiut, the second largest town in Greenland.
21 February 2023
15 July 2019
By Federico Fierli (EUMETSAT), Ilaria Parodi (SCISYS) and Michael Skalabek Kamp (DMI)
Both the wildfires outbreak could be clearly seen on Sentinel-3 OLCI True Colour RGB imagery (see Figures 1 and 2). By 12 August, Danish firefighters had been called in to tackle the second blaze and extinguish it.
Wildfires are a growing problem on Greenland, despite the lack of forests, due to the drying of tundra and the increasing number of tourists.
Satellite data helps in monitoring and supporting this new phenomenon, which has been poorly observed in the past. In fact, the Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI) helps the authorities on Greenland, by providing special weather forecasts for the area. Twice a day they send nine different wind charts reaching 36 hours ahead and with a comment from the forecaster. DMI forecasters on Greenland have held some ad hoc briefings with Joint Arctic Commando about the weather.
Other wildfire cases
The chemical fingerprint of Amazonian fires
Observations of formaldehyde Metop-B GOME-2 instrument on 19-20 August 2019.
Wildfires in Greece
Overnight 16/17 July wildfires broke out in south-eastern corner of Peloponnese peninsula.
Huge fires in the Arctic and Siberia
Huge fires in the Arctic and Siberia during summer 2019, were seen by the Sentinel-3 and Metop satellites.
Extensive smoke from Canadian wildfires
Smoke from wildfires in Alberta, Canada travelled as far as parts of Europe and Russia.