The project "OSMON - Automated Optical Sensor Registration Tool" is a platform-independent modular software tool for assessing and monitoring the geolocation accuracy of the medium to high resolution optical sensors.
30, November 2020
Precise geolocation of satellite imagery is fundamental for systematic climate observations. It allows multi-sensor composites and long-term time series of Essential Climate Variables (ECVs). The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) summarizes baseline requirements for satellite-based climate products in (GCOS 2006). It requires for moderate-resolution optical instruments a geolocation accuracy better than 1/3 of the instantaneous field of view (IFOV) in the terrestrial domain.
The tool supports Level-1 products from the current medium resolution (MROI) EUMETSAT sensors AVHRR/3, SLSTR and OLCI and is extendable to near-future sensors. For the shift estimation, an iterative area-based cross-correlation method was selected to match Landsat-8 NIR and TIR bands against MROI-DataWindows (MROI-DW). The Geolocation Assessment Tool has a modular design. It consists of a Core Module and a Reporting Module.
The main project objectives are
- Generating and delivering a stand-alone environment for assessing the geolocation accuracy of moderate to high resolution optical satellite sensors.
- Developing, testing and documenting an automatic monitoring and reporting system for detecting and quantifying possible geolocation errors.
- Providing tools for continuously monitoring geolocation performance of image data as they are acquired and circulated to users.
- Enabling quick and reliable validation of new datasets in case of a change in the processing baseline for optical sensor products that might affect the geolocation accuracy.
- Evaluating the spectral and temporal registration accuracy and stability of EUMETSAT optical sensor payloads by analysing long time series.
The Geolocation Assessment Tool has a modular design. It consists of a Core Module and a Reporting Module.
The core module performs the calculation of the geolocation shifts between MROI and high-resolution reference data using features which are clearly identifiable in MROI data sets (such as lakes, islands).
The reporting module takes care of visualisation (Figure1), evaluation and analyses of geolocation shifts and generation of reports.
Figure 2 shows the concept of the processing line. Input to the procedure are Level1B (swath geometry) or Level-2 (geocoded) MROI data from Metop AVHRR/3, and Sentinel-3A/B SLSTR and OLCI. The module design allows to add other and upcoming MROI sensors like MetImage.
Validation of ASCAT measurements over cold target regions
Validation of ASCAT measurements over cold target regions.
Analysis of GOME-2 slit function measurements
Detailed instrument spectral response data for the GOME-2 flight model to be used in level-1b to level-2 processing.
Study of Atmospheric Motion Vector speed biases in the tropics
Investigating AMV speed biases anomalies observed in the tropics and extratropics.
ATDnet network redesign feasibility study
This study examined the Met Office lightning location network (ATDnet) with respect to requirements for the forthcoming Meteosat Third Generation (MTG) Lightning Imager (LI) instrument.
Comparison of ground-based LLS network data to ISS-LIS in MTG LI domain
This study compares data from the Lightning Imaging Sensor flown on the International Space Station (ISS-LIS) with various ground based lightning detection systems, in preparation for the Lightning Imager (LI) onboard the Meteosat Third Generation Imaging satellite (MTG-I).