Atmospheric Composition monitoring (AC SAF)
The AC SAF processes satellite data on ozone, other trace gases, aerosols and ultraviolet data.
Monitoring atmospheric composition from space. Photo credit: ISS/NASA
Observations of EUMETSAT satellites are critical inputs to monitoring and forecasts of air quality, which are increasingly important for the health of European citizens.
The Copernicus Sentinel-3 mission includes key optical instruments monitoring the composition of our atmosphere.
15 December 2022
04 September 2020
Meteosat imagery is used to characterise aerosols in the atmosphere, including volcanic ash and dust, while onboard Metop, the IASI and GOME-2 instruments observe trace gases such as ozone , nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane and aerosols.
In the coming years, EUMETSAT’s role supplying atmospheric observations will further expand as the future Meteosat Third Generation (MTG) and Metop Second Generation (Metop-SG) satellites will carry the Copernicus Sentinel-4 and 5 instruments.
Sentinel-4, onboard MTG, will monitor air quality over Europe every hour at high spatial resolution, while Sentinel-5 will monitor global air quality and climate-related trace gases and aerosols in the Earth’s atmosphere.
Both of the Sentinel instruments will work together with existing instruments on the satellites, for instance, Sentinel-4 will work with the new Infrared Sounder (IRS) and imager (FCI) on MTG, and the Sentinel-5 instrument will work with the IASI-NG, 3MI and METimage instruments.
EUMETSAT with its current satellite systems, and even more so with the future Metop-SG and MTG satellites, will also collect a wealth of observations that are relevant for greenhouse gas monitoring, in support of the Paris Climate Agreement.
The NRT IASI NH3 product from AC SAF will be available on EUMETCast from 21 September 2023.
SNPP and NOAA-20 VIIRS Aerosol Optical Depth products updated on 16 May 2023.
AC SAF Offline level 3 daily and monthly trace gas column products from GOME-2 released.
Collection 2.1 of the S3 NR L2 Fire Radiative Power product released on 12 Jan 2023.
This study validated two different IASI methane products using model, in situ and ground-based remote sensing data.
Study looking at the use of IASI Reconstructed Radiances in AC/AQ retrievals.
Newly released algorithm GPD+ improves Sentinel-3 SRAL/MWR WTC.
Providing EUMETSAT with Top of Atmosphere MAP and CLIM simulations for the evaluation of data processing for the Copernicus CO2M mission.
Study on Sentinel-3 SLSTR AOD retrieval investigations using the prototype software from Swansea University.
Stijn Vermoote (ECMWF/CAMS) and EUMETSAT Trainer Federico Fierli discuss how satellite observations have shown that the impact of COVID-19 is visible from space, due to improved air quality.
Ruediger Lang (CO2 Project Scientist at EUMETSAT) and Greet Maenhout (European Commission) discuss monitoring greenhouse gas measurements from space.
EUMETSAT plays a key role monitoring wildfires, biomass burning, vegetation, land temperature, and even soil moisture, from space.