Meteosat Second Generation
Meteosat geostationary satellites have been providing valuable data for more than 40 years.
Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) provides images of the full Earth disc, and data for weather forecasts.
04 December 2020
28 July 2020
In geostationary orbit 36,000 km above the equator, the Meteosat satellites — Meteosat-8, -9, -10 and -11 — currently operate over Europe, Africa and the Indian Ocean.
|Meteosat-11||15/07/2015 – Availability lifetime is until 2033||0°
|0º Service including Data Collection Service and Web Imagery. Replaced Meteosat-10 at 0º on 20 February 2018.|
|Meteosat-10||05/07/2012 – Availability lifetime is until 2030||9.5°E
|Rapid Scanning Service. Replaced Meteosat-9 RSS on 20 March 2018.|
|Meteosat-9||22/12/2005– Availability lifetime is until 2025||3.5° E
|Rapid Scanning Service gap filling and back-up spacecraft since 20 March 2018.|
|Meteosat-8||28/08/2002 – Availability lifetime is until 2022||41.5° E
|Indian Ocean Data Coverage (IODC) Service, including a Data Collection Service and Web Imagery. Replaced Meteosat-7 on 01 February 2017.|
The MSG system is established under cooperation between EUMETSAT and the ESA, to ensure the continuity of meteorological observations from geostationary orbit, following on from Meteosat First Generation.
After the end of the MSG lifetime there will be a follow-on series — Meteosat Third Generation.
MSG instruments and ground segment
SEVIRI is MSG's primary instrument and has the capacity to observe the Earth in 12 spectral channels.
Rapid Scanning Service
The Rapid Scanning Service scans the northern third of the Meteosat disc every five minutes.
MSG science studies
IRS Mission Advisory Group (IRS-MAG) June 2021
IRS Mission Advisory Group (IRS-MAG), 8 June 2021, Online
Comparison & characterisation of ATDnet versus LIS
Evaluating the performance of the Met Office lightning location system ATDnet against the TRMM Lightning Imaging Sensor (LIS).
Development of an alternative hyperspectral moon phase reddening model
Characterising the reddening effect on the lunar reflectance spectrum.
IRS retrievals and applications at high satellite zenith angle
Study to engineer a method aimed at assessing the sensing sensitivity of MTG-IRS at high scanning angles.
MSG case studies
Michele de Rosa
Michele de Rosa, a former project manager, explains how MSG satellite data has given him a new career.