Meteosat Second Generation
Meteosat geostationary satellites have been providing valuable data for more than 40 years.
Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) provides images of the full Earth disc, and data for weather forecasts.
01 July 2022
28 July 2020
In geostationary orbit 36,000 km above the equator, the Meteosat satellites — Meteosat-9, -10 and -11 — currently operate over Europe, Africa and the Indian Ocean. Meteosat-8 retired on 1 July 2022.
|Meteosat-11||15/07/2015 – Availability lifetime is until 2033||0°
|0º Service including Data Collection Service and Web Imagery. Replaced Meteosat-10 at 0º on 20 February 2018.|
|Meteosat-10||05/07/2012 – Availability lifetime is until 2030||9.5°E
|Rapid Scanning Service. Replaced Meteosat-9 RSS on 20 March 2018.|
|Meteosat-9||22/12/2005– Availability lifetime is until 2025||45.5° E
|Prime IODC satellite from 1 June 2022.|
|Meteosat-8||28/08/2002 – 1/07/2022||Retired 1/07/2022|
The MSG system is established under cooperation between EUMETSAT and the ESA, to ensure the continuity of meteorological observations from geostationary orbit, following on from Meteosat First Generation.
After the end of the MSG lifetime there will be a follow-on series — Meteosat Third Generation.
MSG instruments and ground segment
SEVIRI is MSG's primary instrument and has the capacity to observe the Earth in 12 spectral channels.
Rapid scanning service
The rapid scanning service scans the northern third of the Meteosat disc every five minutes.
MSG science studies
Assimilation of PC-reconstructed radiances in NWP
Hyperspectral missions have been providing key information to numerical weather prediction (NWP) for about two decades, e.g.
IRS mission advisory group (IRS-MAG) January 2022
IRS mission advisory group (IRS-MAG), 24 January 2022, Online
Preparing for MTG-IRS in NWP using GIIRS observations
Study in preparation for MTG-IRS in NWP using GIIRS observations.
Geostationary Ocean Colour demonstration products
Developing Ocean Colour demonstration products from Meteosat SEVIRI and FCI.
MSG case studies
Michele de Rosa
Michele de Rosa, a former project manager, explains how MSG satellite data has given him a new career.