MSG Satellite in orbit

Meteosat Second Generation

Meteosat geostationary satellites have been providing valuable data for more than 40 years.

MSG Satellite in orbit
MSG Satellite in orbit

Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) provides images of the full Earth disc, and data for weather forecasts.

Last Updated

04 December 2020

Published on

28 July 2020

In geostationary orbit 36,000 km above the equator, the Meteosat satellites — Meteosat-8, -9, -10 and -11 — currently operate over Europe, Africa and the Indian Ocean.

Current Meteosat Satellites
Satellite Lifetime Position Services
Meteosat-11 15/07/2015 – Availability lifetime is until 2033
36,000 km
0º Service including Data Collection Service and Web Imagery. Replaced Meteosat-10 at 0º on 20 February 2018.
Meteosat-10 05/07/2012 – Availability lifetime is until 2030 9.5°E
36,000 km
Rapid Scanning Service. Replaced Meteosat-9 RSS on 20 March 2018.
Meteosat-9 22/12/2005– Availability lifetime is until 2025 3.5° E
36,000 km
Rapid Scanning Service gap filling and back-up spacecraft since 20 March 2018.
Meteosat-8 28/08/2002 – Availability lifetime is until 2022 41.5° E
36,000 km
Indian Ocean Data Coverage (IODC) Service, including a Data Collection Service and Web Imagery. Replaced Meteosat-7 on 01 February 2017.

The MSG system is established under cooperation between EUMETSAT and the ESA, to ensure the continuity of meteorological observations from geostationary orbit, following on from Meteosat First Generation.

After the end of the MSG lifetime there will be a follow-on series — Meteosat Third Generation.

Access MSG services

MSG product releases

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