McMurdo Station receives first data from Metop-A satellite
EUMETSAT and the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) successfully completed the first acquisition of data from EUMETSAT’s Metop-A satellite at McMurdo Station, Antarctica, on 19 January 2011
23, September 2020
NOAA, together with the US National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA) and the US National Science Foundation (NSF), have teamed up to provide a new data acquisition and transfer capability for EUMETSAT’s Metop series of polar-orbiting environmental satellites at NSF’s McMurdo Station, Antarctica.
McMurdo Station serves the logistics hub for the US Antarctic Program. NSF manages the US Antarctic Program, though which it coordinates all US science, and the logistical support for that science, on the Southernmost Continent and aboard research vessels operating in the Southern Ocean.
Once operational, the capability will provide Metop environmental data to US and European weather services twice as fast as they receive it today, since data will be dumped to ground for processing every half orbit, firstly over the existing EUMETSAT Svalbard ground station in the Arctic, followed by the McMurdo Station in Antarctica. This achievement will begin the process of improving the timeliness of products delivered to the end-users - from 135 to just 65 minutes – a development that will increase the impact of satellite data in global atmospheric models and thus provide significant benefits to global operational weather forecasting and disaster monitoring.
The highly effective US-European partnership uses the recently refurbished NASA MG-1 ground station at McMurdo Station to acquire the Metop satellite and downlink the data, while the new NOAA-NSF McMurdo Multimission Communications System (MMCS) transfers the data from Antarctica to EUMETSAT’s Operations Control Centre in Darmstadt, Germany, for subsequent processing and exploitation. Several months of testing are planned to completely check out the new capability before it is declared operational by NOAA and EUMETSAT. “We are very pleased with the end-to-end performance so far and look forward to getting further data dumps in the coming days”, said Andrew Monham, EUMETSAT’s Project Lead.
Phil Green, Project Manager for the Initial Joint Polar-Orbiting Operational Satellite System (IJPS) Project at the National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS), Office of System Development, remarked, “What a wonderful milestone! Perhaps an understatement, but, from a user perspective the enhancement this project offers after it goes into operation is significant! ” Mikael Rattenborg, EUMETSAT’s Director of Operations, spoke of “a major achievement, also bearing in mind that the communication link between McMurdo and Darmstadt is the most complex one we have ever had to deal with.”
This event, the culmination of almost five years of planning and work in some of the world’s most austere conditions, is a testament to the strong NOAA-EUMETSAT IJPS partnership forged since 1998.