Climate monitoring (CM SAF)
Information about the climate variables of the Earth system
The CM SAF generates and archives high-quality climate datasets on a continuous basis.
20, November 2020
The CM SAF generates and archives high-quality datasets for specific climate application areas, through the exploitation of satellite measurements with state-of-the-art algorithms, to derive information about the climate variables of the Earth system. CM SAF is also engaged in training customers in the use of CM SAF products.
It aims to provide data that can be further used to assess the current climate, e.g. for infrastructure planning; to assess the climate variability and change, including climate change detection and attribution; to support the development of climate models; by validating long-range and short-term climate forecasts; to assess the impact of changing environment, and to provide evidence for policy actions.
The applications cover the objectives of various international programs — such as Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), World Climate Programme (WCP) and World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) — and are also vital for activities within the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) and Copernicus framework.
The Total Precipitable Water product, visualised in this animation, illustrates the average daily water vapour content in the atmosphere over the oceans throughout 2005. Importantly, the extended period of satellite observations available allow climatologists to see patterns and trends over a 20-year period.
SAF leader and consortium
Deutscher Wetterdienst, Germany
Ilmatieteen laitos, Finland
Koninklijk Nederlands Meteorologisch Instituut, The Netherlands
Met Office, UK
Satellite Application Facilities (SAFs)
Utilising specialist expertise from the Member States, Satellite Application Facilities (SAFs) are dedicated centres of excellence for processing satellite data.
Land Surface Analysis (LSA SAF)
The LSA SAF exploits remotely-sensed data on land, land-atmosphere interactions and biosphere applications.
Support to Nowcasting and Very Short Range Forecasting (NWC SAF)
Nowcasting is a weather forecast for the next few hours, based on current information.
Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP SAF)
The NWP SAF supports the interface between satellite data and European activities in NWP.
Atmospheric Composition monitoring (AC SAF)
The AC SAF processes satellite data on ozone, other trace gases, aerosols and ultraviolet data.
Support to Operational Hydrology and Water Management (H SAF)
The H SAF generates and archives datasets and products for operational hydrological applications.
Ocean and Sea Ice (OSI SAF)
The OSI SAF provides comprehensive information on the ocean-atmosphere interface.