The Metop-B and C polar orbiting meteorological satellites make up the EUMETSAT Polar System (EPS) series. Metop-A, the first satellite in this series, was deorbited at the end of 2021.
14 April 2022
01 July 2020
EPS is the European contribution to the Initial Joint Polar System Agreement (IJPS), an agreement between EUMETSAT and NOAA. The Metop satellites fly in a Low Earth orbit corresponding to local 'morning', while the US is responsible for 'afternoon' coverage.
The series provides data for both operational meteorology and climate studies. The combination of instruments on board the Metop satellites have remote sensing capabilities to observe the Earth by day and night, as well as under cloudy conditions.
Metop-B (launched on 17 September 2012) and Metop-C (launched on 7 November 2018) are in a lower polar orbit, at an altitude of 817km.
EPS instruments and ground segment
GOME-2 is used to get a detailed picture of the total atmospheric content and vertical profile of ozone.
Microwave Humidity Sounder (MHS)
The MHS is designed to collect information on various aspects of the Earth's atmosphere and surface.
SARSAT instruments help search and rescue authorities save thousands of lives around the world.
SEM-2 provides information on solar activity and space weather which may affect the satellites and instruments.
Metop ground segment
The EUMETSAT Polar System (EPS) ground station is located on Spitsbergen, Svalbard.
Metop Global Data Service
Metop GDS provides near real-time products generated from instrument data.
Regional Data Service/EARS
Regional Data Services, provided by the EUMETSAT Advanced Retransmission Service (EARS) network of AHRPT reception stations.
EPS science studies
Preliminary assimilation of IASI L2 profiles in NWP
Studying assimilating forecast-independent temperature and humidity retrievals from hyperspectral sounders in NWP models.
Characterisation of ocean surface roughness in NWP
This study aims to investigate how alternative scatterometer observations to the currently used wind vectors can be assimilated in NWP.
Mesoscale Improved Data Assimilations of Scatterometer winds (MIDAS)
MIDAS studies scatterometer wind data within mesoscale NWP models.
Study of Atmospheric Motion Vector speed biases in the tropics
Investigating AMV speed biases anomalies observed in the tropics and extratropics.
A platform-independent modular software tool for assessing and monitoring the geolocation accuracy of medium to high resolution optical sensors.