The Metop-A, B and C polar orbiting meteorological satellites make up the EUMETSAT Polar System (EPS) series.
04 May 2021
01 July 2020
EPS is the European contribution to the Initial Joint Polar System Agreement (IJPS), an agreement between EUMETSAT and NOAA. The Metop satellites fly in a Low Earth orbit corresponding to local 'morning', while the US is responsible for 'afternoon' coverage.
The series provides data for both operational meteorology and climate studies. The combination of instruments on board the Metop satellites have remote sensing capabilities to observe the Earth by day and night, as well as under cloudy conditions.
Metop-A (launched on 19 October 2006), Metop-B (launched on 17 September 2012) and Metop-C (launched on 7 November 2018) are in a lower polar orbit, at an altitude of 817 kilometres.
EPS instruments and ground segment
IASI is the main payload instrument for the purpose of supporting Numerical Weather Prediction.
GOME-2 is used to get a detailed picture of the total atmospheric content and vertical profile of ozone.
Microwave Humidity Sounder (MHS)
The MHS is designed to collect information on various aspects of the Earth's atmosphere and surface.
SARSAT instruments help search and rescue authorities save thousands of lives around the world.
SEM-2 provides information on solar activity and space weather which may affect the satellites and instruments.
Metop Global Data Service
Metop GDS provides near real-time products generated from instrument data.
Regional Data Service/EARS
Regional Data Services, provided by the EUMETSAT Advanced Retransmission Service (EARS) network of AHRPT reception stations.
EPS science studies
Assimilation of IASI L2 temperature and humidity profiles in regional and global NWP
Studying assimilating forecast-independent temperature and humidity retrievals from hyperspectral sounders in NWP models.
Characterisation of ocean surface roughness in NWP
This study aims to investigate how alternative scatterometer observations to the currently used wind vectors can be assimilated in Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP)
Mesoscale Improved Data Assimilations of Scatterometer winds (MIDAS)
MIDAS studies scatterometer wind data within mesoscale NWP models.
A platform-independent modular software tool for assessing and monitoring the geolocation accuracy of medium to high resolution optical sensors.
Analysis of GOME-2 slit function measurements
Detailed instrument spectral response data for the GOME-2 flight model to be used in level-1b to level-2 processing.